“Resolved, that Dr. Franklin, Mr. J. Adams and Mr. Jefferson be a committee to prepare a device for a seal of the United States of America.”
“(Du Smiitiere)…a painter by profession, whose designs are very ingenious, and his drawings well executed. He has been applied to for his advice. I waited on him yesterday, and saw his sketches…For the seal he proposes the arms of the several nations from whence America has been peopled; as England, Scotch, Irish, Dutch, German, etc., each in a shield. On one side of them, Liberty with her pileus (cap), on the other a rifler in his uniform, with his rifled-gun in one hand and his tomahawk in the other. This dress and these troops with the kind of armor being peculiar to America- unless the dress was known to the Romans…”
“Dr. F. proposes a device for a seal: Moses lifting up his hand dividing the Red Sea, and Pharaoh in his chariot overwhelmed with the waters. This motto, “Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God.” “…Mr. Jefferson proposed: the children of Israel in the Wilderness, led by a cloud by day and a pillar by night; on the other side Hengist and Horsa, the Saxon chiefs from whom we claim the honor of being descended, and whose political principles and form of government we have assumed.”
“Pharaoh sitting in an open chariot, a crown on his head and a sword in his hand passing thro’ the divided waters of the Red Sea in pursuit of the Israelites; rays from a pillar of fire in the cloud, expressive of the divine presence and command, reaching to Moses who stands on the shore and, extending his hand over the sea, causes it to overwhelm Pharaoh. Motto, Rebellion to tyrants is obed…”
“Moses standing on the shore, and extending his hand over the sea, thereby causing the same to overwhelm Pharaoh, who is sitting in an open chariot, a crown on his head and a sword in his hand, Rays from a Pillar of Fire in the clouds reaching to Moses to express that he acts by Command of the Deity. Motto, Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God.”
“Ordered, to be on the table.”
“6th. To keep the public seal, and cause the same to be affixed to every act, ordinance or paper, which Congress shall direct:" (Journals, XXII, 56-57.)
“The Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled to whom were referred the several reports of committees on the device for a great seal, to take order, reports
That the Device for an Armorial Achievement & Reverse of the great seal for the United States in Congress assembled is as follows. –
Paleways of thirteen pieces of Argent and Glues; a Chief, Azure, The Escutcheon on the breast of the American Bald Eagle displayed, proper, holding in his dexter talon an Olive branch, and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows, all proper, & in his beak a scroll, inscribed with this Motto, “E. Pluribus unum [out of many, one].”
For the Crest
Over the head of the Eagle which appears above the Escutcheon, A Glory, Or, breaking through a cloud, proper, & surrounding thirteen stars forming a Constellation, Argent, on an Azure field.
A pyramid unfinished. In the Zenith an Eye in a triangle surrounded with a glory proper. Over the Eye these words “Annuit Coeptis [Providence favors our undertakings].” On the base of the pyramid the numerical letters MDCCLXXVI & underneath the following motto: “Novus Ordo Seclorum” ["A New Order of the Ages"].
“The Escutcheon is composed of the chief & pale, the two most honorable ordinaries. The Pieces, paly, represent the several states all joined in one solid compact entire, supporting a Chief, which unites the whole & represents Congress. The Motto alludes to this union. The pales in the arms are kept closely united by the chief, and the Chief depends on that union & strength resulting from it for its support, to denote the Confederacy of the United States of American & the preservation of their Union through Congress.
The colors of the pales are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valor, and Blue, the color of the Chief signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice. The Olive branch and arrows denote the power of peace & war which is exclusively vested in Congress. The Constellation denotes a new State taking its place and rank among other sovereign powers. The Escutcheon is born on the breast of an American Eagle without any other supporters, to denote that the United States ought to rely on their virtue.
Reverse. The Pyramid signifies Strength and Duration: The Eye over it & the Motto allude to the many signal interpositions of providence in favor of the American cause. The date underneath is that of the Declaration of Independence and the words under it signify the beginning of the new American Era which commences from that date.”
“I have heard much of the nefarious, and dangerous plan, and doctrines of the Illuminati, but never saw the Book until you were pleased to send it to me. The same causes which have prevented my reading the Book, hitherto; namely, the multiplicity of matters which pressed upon me before, and the debilitated state in which I was left after, a fever had been removed. And which allows me to add little more now, than thanks for your kind wishes and favorable sentiments, except to correct the error you have run into, of my Presiding over the English lodges in this Country. The fact is, I preside over none, nor have I been in one in more than once or twice, within the last thirty years. I believe notwithstanding, that none of the Lodges in this Country are contaminated with the principles ascribed to the Society of the Illuminati.”
“…the Master of the Masonic Order in Baltimore… was determined…to unbosom [his] heart.” This man urged Thomson to become a Mason to help him bring the order (which had ‘deviated from the truth) back to the “first principles” of Christianity. “I am in, you are out,” wrote the Masonic Master. “Will you – can you - deem yourself called upon to lend your aid to do much good?” Thomson stayed out."
“In theology. The exercise and superintendence which God exercises over his creatures. He that acknowledges a creation and denies a providence, involves himself in a palpable contradiction; for the same power which caused a thing to exist is necessary to continue its existence. Some persons admit a general providence, but deny a particular providence, not considering that a general providence consists of particulars. A belief in divine providence, is a source of great consolation to good men. By divine providence is often understood God himself.”
“Effected by the providence of God; referable to divine providence; proceeding from divine direction of superintendence; as the providential contrivance of things; a providential escape from danger.”
“How much we are indebted to God’s unceasing providential care.” Woodward
“By means of God’s providence"
“Every animal is providentially directed to the use of its proper weapons.” Ray
Glossary of Heraldic Terms
Argent - White or Silver
Armorial achievement - a (whole) coat of arms
Azure - blue
Banded - encircled with a band or riband
Bearing - applicapable to any charge or heraldic device
Charges - the bearings and emblems of heraldy
Chief - upper part of a shield, occupying one third thereof
Crest - an ornament for the head
Dexter - right hand sign of the design (not of the observer)
Displayed - applied to any bird of prey with its wings expanded
Escutcheon - shield
Field - whole surface of the escutcheon or shield upon which the charges or bearings are depicted
Glory - a series of rays surrounding or issuing from a change or ordinary (a common bearing
bounded by straight lines)
Gules - red
Motto - a word, saying or sentence borne on a scroll under the coat of arms and sometimes over
Or - metal gold
Paleway (Paly) - bands placed vertically on the face of a shield
Pileus - cap of liberty
Proper - applicable to all animals, trees, vegetables, etc., when borne of their natural color
Scroll - one of the ornaments which may accompany the shield, usually bearing a motto.
Sinister - Left hand side of the design (not of the observer)
Supporter - a figure of a living creature (although it may be mythical) represented as holding up or
standing beside the shield